Cardiovascular diseases, including ischemic heart disease, are the major cause of death worldwide. The most frequent expression of ischemic heart disease is myocardial infarction or angina pectoris, followed by cerebrovascular accident and peripheral artery disease, all of which have a common cause: arteriosclerosis.
The disease mechanism is the following: fatty materials such as cholesterol accumulate in the arteries, which thickens the arterial wall and may obstruct the flow of blood.
A series of factors have been identified that increase an individual’s risk of cardiovascular disease. These include high cholesterol, hypertension, smoking habits, sedentary lifestyle, overweight, and diabetes. In addition, some factors protect us from these diseases. These include eating a balanced diet, maintaining our ideal weight, and engaging in regular physical activity.