Grau M, Subirana I, Ramos R, Agis D, Marrugat de la Iglesia J, Elosua R, Basagaña X, Martí R, de Groot E, Arnold RJ, Marrugat J, Künzli N,

Carotid intima-media thickness in the Spanish population: reference ranges and association with cardiovascular risk factors.

Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed) 2012 Dec; 65 (12): 1086-93, PMID: 23021836

Carotid intima-media thickness as measured with ultrasonography is an inexpensive and noninvasive predictor of cardiovascular events. The objectives of this study were to determine the population reference ranges of carotid intima-media thickness for individuals aged 35-84 years in Spain and to analyze the association of carotid intima-media thickness with cardiovascular risk factors (age, smoking, diabetes, pulse pressure, lipid profile, and body mass index).

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