Effectiveness of Statins as Primary Prevention in People With Different Cardiovascular Risk: A Population-Based Cohort Study.
The purpose was to analyze statin effectiveness in a general population with differing levels of coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. Patients (35-74 years) without previous cardiovascular disease were included and stratified according to 10-year CHD risk (<5%, 5-7.4%, 7.5-9.9%, and 10-19.9%). New users were categorized according to their medical possession ratio (MPR). The main outcome was atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) (myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke). In adherent patients (MPR 70%), statin treatment decreased ASCVD risk across the range of coronary risk (from 16-30%). The 5-year number needed to treat (NNT) was 470 and 204 in the risk categories <5% and 5-7.4%, respectively, and 75 and 62 in the 7.5-9.9% category than in the 10-19.9% category, respectively. Statin therapy should remain a priority in patients at high 10-year CHD risk (10-19.9%). Most patients with intermediate risk could benefit from statin treatment, but the treatment decision should focus on the net benefit, safety, and patient preference, given the higher NNT.