Epidemiology of acute coronary syndromes in Spain: estimation of the number of cases and trends from 2005 to 2049.
Acute coronary syndromes are a leading cause of mortality, morbidity, and health care cost in Spain. The aims of this report are to estimate the number of acute coronary syndromes cases in the Spanish population in 2013 and 2021, and the trend from 2005 to 2049. We estimated the number of acute coronary syndromes cases by sex and Spanish autonomous community using data from the most updated population and hospital registries. We present the estimated number of cases with an exact 95% confidence interval, assuming that the number of cases followed a Poisson distribution. There will be 115 752 acute coronary syndromes cases in Spain in 2013 (95% confidence interval, 114 822-116 687). Within 28 days, 39 086 of these patients will die and 85 326 will be hospitalized. Non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (56%) and acute myocardial infarction (81%) will be the most common admission and discharge diagnoses, respectively. We estimate approximately 109 772 acute coronary syndromes cases in 2021 (95% confidence interval, 108 868-110 635). The trend of acute coronary syndromes cases from 2005 to 2049 will stabilize in the population aged 25 to 74 years, but increase in those older than 74 years. Due to population aging, the number of acute coronary syndrome cases will increase overall until 2049, it may stabilize in the population aged <75 years. The acute coronary syndromes case-fatality has decreased in hospitalized patients but the proportion of sudden deaths remains unchanged. Full English text available from:www.revespcardiol.org/en.