Platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa genetic polymorphism is associated with plasma fibrinogen levels in myocardial infarction patients. The REGICOR Investigators.
Fibrinogen is the major ligand of platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa platelet receptor. Genes coding for platelet fibrinogen receptor glycoprotein IIb/IIIa are polymorphic. The PLA alloantigen has two antigenic determinants, PLA1 and PLA2, located in a 17-23 kD fragment of glycoprotein IIIa. We analyzed whether PLA genotype has any effect on plasma fibrinogen concentration and investigated if the effect has different magnitude in myocardial infarction patients compared with subjects free of angina or myocardial infarction. One hundred sixteen consecutive patients who suffered a myocardial infarction and 136 subjects recruited by random sampling from the local census were included in the study. PLA genotype distribution and allele frequencies in patients did not significantly differ from those in the control group. Mean fibrinogen concentration tended to be higher in controls with genotype PLA1PLA1 than in those with genotype PLA1PLA2 or PLA2PLA2, and in patients this difference reached statistical significance (p < 0.001). We conclude that the PLA polymorphism may be in linkage disequilibrium with another functional mutation in or near the promoter area of the fibrinogen gene or even in another gene, which controls the production or the clearance of fibrinogen.